What are Macro and Micro Nutrients?

Health and nutrition schools focus a lot on the topics of macro and micronutrients. These nutrients are necessary for proper health and organ function. Understanding the difference between macro and micronutrients can help you complete health and wellness certificate programs. Proper education in nutrition classes online can help you make better personal dietary choices to improve your overall health and fitness.  

Macronutrients refers to the nutrients that our bodies use larger amounts of for fuel and energy.  These macronutrients include carbohydrates, protein, and fat. Micronutrients refers to the nutrients that our bodies use in smaller amounts for proper health. These micronutrients include vitamins and minerals. The micronutrients help support the macronutrients for better absorption of nutrients from food and help convert the food we eat into fuel. Failing to have a proper balance of both macro and micro nutrients has been linked with decreased energy levels, fatigue, chronic skin issues, autoimmune disorders and digestive problems. If you have experienced any of these symptoms, making an appointment with a nutrition consultant would help you in determining if your daily diet is the culprit for those symptoms. Nutrition consulting programs help individuals determine how many macro and micronutrients they personally need for proper health and to achieve their health and/or fitness goals.

Each person requires different macro and micronutrients based on a variety of different needs.  Some prescription medications and over-the-counter drugs can affect the balance of nutrients in our bodies. Some antidepressants, statins, thyroid medications, and vitamin supplements can alter the absorption rate of macro and micronutrients sometimes leaving you with a deficiency in your micronutrients or the opposite, toxic levels. A nutrition dietitian is trained to handle macro and micronutrient needs in special cases such as these. Athletes also require different levels of macro and micronutrients to support the extra energy output and to help build strength and lean muscle tissue. For example, a body builder requires more protein than an endurance athlete or distance runner. The endurance athlete or distance runner requires more carbohydrates than the body builder. The diets are adjusted to fit the needs of the individual.

Understanding macro and micronutrients can help you adjust your daily diet for optimal health benefits. Proper nutrition can help you feel your best. Some individuals are able to manage chronic irritations and minor health related problems through dietary changes. Nutrition has the power to heal your body or to make it ill. Having a good balance of both macro and micronutrients ensures that your body has what it needs to help you achieve your goals and to feel your best.

Check out ASFA’s new Advanced Sports Nutrition Certification by clicking the link below!

Advanced Sports Nutrition Certification

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