Macro and micronutrients are the nutrients that our bodies need from a well-balanced diet for optimum health. Our bodies need macronutrients in large quantities. Examples of macronutrients are protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Micronutrients are those nutrients our bodies need in smaller quantities. Examples of micronutrients are vitamins and minerals. Both macro and micronutrients are an important part of a healthy diet. Together, they provide the energy that you need and support proper organ functions.
Recent changes to food label requirements have made it easier for individuals to calculate how many macro and micro nutrients they are getting in their daily diets. Teaching food label reading can be done using personal trainer nutrition software. You can also learn about the new food labeling standards from a dietician or Sports Nutritionist. Many fitness trainers in the health and fitness industry also have backgrounds and certifications in sports nutrition. Personal training and nutrition support complement each other when working towards your fitness goals.
Everyone’s dietary needs are different, and the macro and micro recommended daily amounts will vary as well. If you are an athlete, your daily calories that you need will be more than someone who has a more sedentary lifestyle. If you are trying to lose weight, your daily calorie need will be lower than someone who is trying to bulk up or maintain. Personal macro and micronutrient numbers can change throughout life stages as well. For example, someone who is pregnant or nursing will require more calories for proper health. A fitness trainer or coach with a certification in Sports Nutritionor a dietician can help you calculate your numbers for your specific goals and personal needs.
Some food examples that are rich in macro nutrients include seeds, cereals, fish, meats, and nuts. Macronutrients support the metabolic system and create the powerhouse for all of your energy. Food examples that are rich in micro nutrients include vegetables, fruits, and fermented foods. Micronutrients help with disease prevention from the anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatory properties in those foods. Together, macro and micronutrient rich foods create a balanced diet to keep you fit and healthy.
Ready to bring health and wellness advice to your clients? Click below to learn more about ASFA’s online Sports Nutritionist Certification--24/7 convenience, pay only if you pass!